The most typical sports traumas involve sprains, strains, and fractures. Ligaments stretch or tear to cause sprains. If you injure muscles or tendons, you can get strains. Fractures are breaks or cracks in bones. These common sports injuries can result from various factors, including impact or repetitive stress.

Athletic injuries are a common occurrence for athletes of all levels. Whether you’re a weekend warrior or a professional athlete, injuries can happen at any time. Understanding the most common sports injuries can help you take steps to prevent them. You can also find out how to treat them if they occur.

Stay healthy and active while enjoying your favorite sports and activities. Discover these and other common physical traumas and what steps to take to prevent them. If you experience trauma, seeking prompt medical attention is essential. Follow a proper treatment plan to ensure a speedy and complete recovery.

Common Types of Sports Injuries and Their Symptoms

Physical traumas are a common occurrence that can happen to anyone, from beginners to professional athletes. They can range from minor cuts and bruises to severe fractures and dislocations. Understanding the common types of sports injuries and their causes can help athletes prevent them from happening in the first place:

  • Sprains and strains. They occur when ligaments (sprains), muscles, or tendons (strains) are stretched or torn and are commonly seen in exercises involving sudden movements or direction changes. For example, basketball, soccer, and football.
  • Fractures. Broken bones can occur in any sport and are usually caused by a direct blow to the bone or a fall. These common sports injuries seen in sports include wrist fractures, ankle fractures, and collarbone fractures.
  • Concussions. They are a type of brain trauma that occurs when the brain is jolted or shaken within the skull. They are common in activities that involve contact, such as football, hockey, and boxing.
  • Dislocations. When a bone is forced out of its joint, it causes a dislocation. This type of trauma can occur in activities. It involves twisting or sudden movements, such as in basketball or gymnastics.
  • Tendinitis. It is inflammation of a tendon and can occur in any activity. It involves repetitive movements, such as running, cycling, and tennis.

Prevention strategies can help reduce the risk of sports injuries. They include proper equipment, conditioning, technique, rest, and more. At the end of the article, we will talk about them more deeply.

Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains are types of sports injuries that commonly occur during physical activity, particularly in sports. A sprain is a trauma to a ligament, while a strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon. They are usually caused by sudden twisting or overstretching of the affected area. Sprains and strains can range from mild to severe, and treatment depends on the extent of the trauma. Mild ones may require rest and ice. More severe ones may need physical therapy or surgery.

The Symptoms of Sprains and Strains

Symptoms of such sports injuries as sprains and strains can include:

  • Pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Stiffness.
  • Bruising.

In some cases, there may be difficulty moving the affected area. Severe ones may cause a popping sound at the time of trauma or may result in a deformity of the affected area. It is vital to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a sprain or strain.


A fracture is a medical term for a broken bone. Fractures can occur as a result of trauma, such as a fall. Or it occurs due to overuse injuries, such as stress fractures. They can range from a small crack in the bone to a complete break. Treatment for these sports injuries depends on the severity of the condition. It can include immobilization, casting, surgery, and physical therapy. Complications of untreated fractures can include deformity, chronic pain, and decreased mobility.

The Symptoms of Fracture

Common symptoms of a fracture sports injury include:

  • Pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Difficulty moving the affected area.

In some cases, the affected bone may also appear deformed or misaligned. In severe cases, the bone may appear visibly deformed. Depending on the location of the fracture, there may also be numbness or tingling. 


Concussions are a type of athletic injury in the brain. It occurs when the brain is jolted or shaken within the skull. They are commonly seen in contact sports and activities such as: 

  • Football.
  • Hockey.
  • Soccer.
  • Cycling.
  • Skateboarding.
  • Skiing.

Concussions can cause a wide range of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe. If you suspect a concussion, seeking medical attention is essential. Proper diagnosis and treatment can help prevent long-term complications.

The Symptoms of Concussion 

Sports injuries such as concussions can have symptoms like:

  • Headaches.
  • Dizziness.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Confusion.
  • Memory loss.
  • Sensitivity to light or noise.

In some cases, symptoms may appear immediately after the athletic injuries. In others, they may not appear until several hours or even days later. Other symptoms may include balance problems, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and fatigue. Untreated concussions can lead to serious complications, including long-term brain damage.


When a joint is forced out of its normal position, it causes a dislocation. That causes the bones to no longer be in alignment. This can occur in any joint in the body. But most common such sports injuries can appear in:

  • Shoulders.
  • Fingers.
  • Elbows.
  • Hips.
  • Knees.

Trauma, such as a fall, or repetitive motion, such as throwing a ball, can cause dislocations. Treatment for athletic injury involves reducing the joint back into its normal position. That may require sedation or even surgery. Physical therapy may also be necessary. It helps restore strength and range of motion to the affected joint.

The Symptoms of Dislocations

Symptoms of dislocation can include:

  • Severe pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Inability to move the affected joint.

The joint may appear visibly deformed or out of place, and there may be a popping or tearing sound at the time of injury. In some cases, dislocations may also cause numbness or tingling. Long-term complications can be chronic pain or instability in the affected joint.


Tendinitis is a condition that occurs when a tendon, the fibrous band that connects muscle to bone, becomes inflamed and irritated. This can occur as a result of overuse, repetitive motions, or sudden athletic injury. Tendinitis can affect any tendon in the body but is most common in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee, and ankle. Treatment for tendinitis typically involves:

  • Rest.
  • Ice.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications.

Some patients need physical therapy to help restore strength to the affected area after sports injuries. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or remove damaged tissue.

The Symptoms of Tendinitis

Symptoms of tendinitis can include:

  • Pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Tenderness in the affected area.

The affected tendon may also feel stiff or difficult to move. There may be a sensation of clicking or popping. In some cases, there may be a loss of strength or range of motion in the affected area. Symptoms may worsen with activity and improve with rest.

types of sports injuries

What Type of Doctor Should I See After a Sports Injury? 

After trauma, it is important to seek medical attention. It will help you to diagnose and treat the condition properly. Depending on the severity, you may need to see a specialist. One type of specialist that helps treat sports injuries is a chiropractic specialist.

Chiropractors receive training to diagnose and treat those common sports injuries above. They use a variety of techniques to restore joint function and alleviate pain. Chiropractic care can also help improve the range of motion. In such a way, you will reduce inflammation and prevent future injuries.

If you have physical trauma, it is important to see a healthcare provider. They must specialize in treating these types of sports injuries. In addition to chiropractic specialists, you may also consider seeing an: 

  • Orthopedic doctor.
  • Physical therapist.
  • Sports medicine physician.

Your primary care physician may be able to refer you to a specialist based on the type of your condition.

Tips to Prevent Sports Injuries

Participating in sports and physical activities is an excellent way to stay healthy. However, physical traumas can be a common occurrence. They range from mild sprains and strains to more severe fractures and concussions. Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of sports traumas. Here are some tips to help prevent sports injuries:

  • Warm up properly. Before any physical activity, it is important to warm up your muscles and joints. You can do it through a variety of activities. For example, jogging, stretching, or dynamic movements.
  • Use proper equipment. Wearing helmets, pads, or supportive footwear, can help prevent trauma. Make sure your equipment is in good condition and fits properly.
  • Gradually increase intensity. Are you starting a new activity or training program? Then gradually increase the intensity and duration of your workouts. This can help prevent the overuse of many types of sports injuries. Your body will adjust to the demands of the activity.
  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water before, during, and after physical activity. This can help prevent dehydration. It can contribute to muscle cramps and other problems.
  • Use proper technique. Using proper form and technique when performing physical activities can help prevent conditions. Consider working with a coach or trainer if unsure about the correct technique.
  • Take breaks and rest days. Giving your body time to rest and recover is important for preventing traumas. Take regular breaks during physical activity, and schedule rest days throughout the week.
  • Pay attention to your body. If you experience pain or discomfort during physical activity, stop and rest. Pushing through pain can increase your risk of trauma.
  • Cross-train. Participate in a variety of activities. They can help prevent overuse injuries and improve overall fitness. Incorporate activities that target different muscle groups and movements.

Follow these tips and reduce your risk of sports injuries. Remember to always listen to your body. Seek medical attention if you experience pain or injury. And the most vital – enjoy the many benefits of physical activity!


What is the №1 injury occurring in sports?

The №1 injury occurring in sports is reportedly the ankle sprain. Sudden movements or overuse can be among the variety of factors that cause it.

What is the hardest injury in sports to recover from?

The hardest injury in sport to recover from can vary depending on the severity of the injury. But the most difficult injuries include ACL tears and spinal cord injuries.

What sport has the most athletic injuries?

Sports that involve high-impact or contact tend to have the most injuries. They include football, hockey, and basketball.

What is the least injury sport?

Sports that are generally considered to have lower injury rates include:


However, it’s important to note that injuries can occur in any sport. Taking proper precautions and seeking medical attention can help prevent and treat them.